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Gated Neighbourhoods and privatisation of urban security in Ibadan Metropolis

by Oluseyi Fabiyi, 2004

One of the consequences of the failure of the state to protect life and property of its entire citizens especially in developing countries like Nigeria is the emergences of private alternatives to crime prevention and control. This process of privatisation of security in Nigeria often involves recruitment of corporate and local security guards, vigilantes, night watchmen and the control of access into the neighbourhoods through gates and barriers. The book examines the nature, types, procedures, and administration of these private alternative to security in Ibadan metropolis. It identifies renaissance of primary affiliation among diverse urban residents and the interplay of forces of exclusion and inclusion among residents of gates neighbourhoods in Ibadan metropolis. It also evaluates the spatial pattern, trends and dynamics of gating and the general concern for security in Ibadan metropolis.

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Infrastructure Development and Urban Facilities in Lagos, 1861-2000

by Ayodeji Olukoju, 2003

First words

Ayodeji Olukoju is Professor and Head, Department of History, University of Lagos. A First Class Honours graduate of the University of Nigeria. Nsukka. and holder of the M.A. and Ph.D. Degrees in History of the University of Ibadan. He has authored and co-edited several books and monographs, including Maritime Trade, Port Development and Administration (Tokyo, 1996), Nigeria Peoples and Cultures (Ibadan 1997) and Positive Leadership in Colonial and Post-Colonial Africa (Ikorodu, Nigeria, 2002). Professor Olukoju has contributed well over 50 essays as chapters in books and articles in leading specialist and Africanist journals in the fields of maritime, transport, labour, urban, economic and social history. He is also a member of the editorial board of African Economic History (Madison), Afrika Zamani: Journal of the Association of African Historians (Dakar) and Journal of Cultural Studies (Ago-Iwoye), and is the co-editor of Lagos Historical Review.

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Nigeria during the Abacha Years (1993-1998): The Domestic and International Politics of Democratization

by Kunle Amuwo, Daniel C. Bach and Yann Lebeau (dir.), 2001

The autocratic regime of Sani Abacha (1993-1998) stands out as a watershed in the history of independent Nigeria. Nigeria’s darkest years since the civil war resulted from his unrestrained personal rule; very close to the features associated with warlordism. Nepotism, corruption, violation of human rights, procrastination over the implementation of a democratic transition, and the exploitation of ethnic, cultural or religious identities, also resulted in the accumulation of harshly repressed frustrations. In this book, some distinguished scholars, journalists and civil society activists examine this process of democratic recession, and its institutional, sociological, federal and international ramifications. Most of the contributions were originally presented at a seminar organized by the Centre d’Etude d’Afrique Noire (CEAN) in Bordeaux.

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Youth, Street Culture and Urban Violence in Africa:Proceedings of the International Symposium held in Abidjan, 5-7 May, 1997

Georges Hérault and Pius Adesanmi

First lines (French version)

Etant donné l’urbanisation extrêmement rapide du continent au cours du dernier quart de ce siècle et sachant qu’une majorité de la population citadine est constituée de jeunes – à titre d’exemple, 54,8 % de la population de Dakar a moins de 20 ans – s’attacher aux problèmes de la jeunesse urbaine revient à s’intéresser à un large pan de la population. La simple fréquentation de n’importe quelle grande ville livre par ailleurs à l’observation la suroccupation de la rue en tant qu’espace public : à sa fonction de lieu de passage et d’interaction sociale fortuite s’est ajoutée celle de lieu d’activité socio-économique quasiment permanente. La rue est devenue marché : transactions, démarchage, colportage y fleurissent, mais aussi prostitution, drogue, agressions, vols et crimes de toute sorte. La rue est devenue un exutoire, une alternative qui fascine, la rue est devenue le bouillon d’une culture nouvelle qui, selon les lieux, coexiste avec ou supplante carrément les espac...

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The Architecture of Fear: Urban Design and Construction Response to Urban Violence in Lagos, Nigeria

by Tunde Agbola, 1997

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About a decade ago, on November 4, 1985, the Times International of London reported that crime was prevalent in Nigeria. Lives were no longer safe... he nation was being crippled by an insecurity problem posed by criminals. Prominent Nigerians, whose interests eut across all walks of life, had their lives terminated through gruesome murders. Announcements concerning stolen vehicles were a daily feature on the news. Now, more than ten years later, the situation has become more frightening. Not only is the incidence of violence becoming more frequent, the nature of the crimes, especially armed robbery and murder, have become more heinous. There is daily news of bolder and more sophisticated crimes. Lives and property no longer seem safe anywhere in the country. Both the rich and the poor suffer the same fate, and the whole society appears helpless in the face of urban violence. Everybody seems to live one day at a time in fear of tomorrow. Increasing societal sophistication and modern...

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Ethnic Minority Conflicts and Governance in Nigeria

by Rotimi T. Suberu, 1996

Ethnic Minority Conflicts and Governance in Nigeria explores and analyses the underlying sources and salient features of recent ethnic minority conflicts in Nigeria, the largely controversial policies by which the Nigerian state has sought to contain these conflicts, and the prospects and preconditions for a more stable and equitable system of federal governance in the country. Through an insightful examination of two most recent minority conflicts in the country, the author probes the contemporary problems of ethnic minorities. He appraises the management of the conflicts by the State, and proffers appropriate policy responses for the resolution of the country’s ethnic minority problems. The book is recommended to policy makers, students of history and political science, academicians and the general public.

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Informal Channels for Conflict Resolution in Ibadan, Nigeria

by Isaac Olawale Albert, Tinu Awe, Georges Hérault and Wuyi Omitoogun, 1995

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This is a study of the informal channels of conflict resolution among people living in Ibadan. Although the informal channels of justice are generally preferred by the poor because they cannot afford to hire an attorney, this study has shown that informal channels are often the first choice of citizens who wish to solve their conflicts outside a court of law. Poverty is a global problem, but is more widespread in the developing nations.1 For any society to achieve sustainable development the problem of poverty has to be addressed. In this regard, the seminal work of Professor John Iliffe on the problem of poverty in Africa is instructive. Iliffe identified a number of areas which require research: the identity of the poor; their numerical strength; their characteristics; their location, most especially within the urban system; the reasons for their poverty; what they think and do about their problems; and what the larger society thinks and does about them...

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Urban Research in Nigeria

by Adepoju Onibokun and Adetoye Faniran, 1995

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Research Background Nigeria is one of the most urbanized African countries south of the Sahara. Some of Nigeria’s urban centres have a history which dates back to antiquity. Indeed, a great deal of research exists on the urban environment in Nigeria, but it has never been compiled into a comprehensive reference book. The bulk of studies done on the urban environment is in the form of journal articles and university-based theses and dissertations or government reports. As a result, knowledge of the existing research on the urban environment in Nigeria is limited, and many researchers embark on projects only to discover that their research amounts to a duplication of effort. One of the first bibliographies on African urban development was compiled by Richard Stren in 1989, which, although it included some references to Nigeria, did not include anything on the research environment.

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A Dangerous Awakening: The Politicization of Religion in Nigeria

by Iheanyi M. Enwerem, 1995

Students of religion and interested observers of politics in Africa will cherish this book for providing a thorough analysis of the origin and politics of the Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN). A Dangerous Awakening chronicles the religious clashes in Nigeria, and shows how religion has been used in the struggle for political power. Dr. Enwerem bases his study on interviews and unpublished memos, papers and letters not otherwise accessible to the public. This book is an invaluable contribution to the study of contemporary politics and religion in Nigeria Of the few Nigerians qualified to write on this important topic, Dr. Enwerem is the best... Reflective, thorough and mature, he has written a brilliant account of the most dynamic organization of Nigerian Christianity during the 20th century. The book teaches, challenges and provokes - qualities that define an outstanding work that will stand the test of time.

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Trends of Migrant Political Organization in Nigeria: The Igbo in Kano

Eghosa E. Osaghae, 1994

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After a long period of neglect and apparent abandonment by many scholars, the study of ethnicity in Nigeria and other parts of Africa has been revived, and with as much vigor as that which attended its ascendancy in African studies in the 1960s. The reasons for the reawakening are not surprising: economic depression and consequent migration have forced people back to interest-begotten weapons like ethnicity, in the desperate struggle to survive; democratic processes have resurrected old unsettled issues of nationhood, power sharing and resource allocation, much of which was swept under the carpet by authoritarian regimes, or simply wished away. Civil wars and violent conflicts have heightened ethnic tension and conflicts in several states; and, of course, there is an increasing recourse to the ethnic weapon by major competitors for state power, some of whom openly condemned ethnicity in the past.

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University of Ibadan
Ibadan, Oyo State
+234 (0)8.147.616.463