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Gated Neighbourhoods and privatisation of urban security in Ibadan Metropolis

by Oluseyi Fabiyi, 2004

One of the consequences of the failure of the state to protect life and property of its entire citizens especially in developing countries like Nigeria is the emergences of private alternatives to crime prevention and control. This process of privatisation of security in Nigeria often involves recruitment of corporate and local security guards, vigilantes, night watchmen and the control of access into the neighbourhoods through gates and barriers. The book examines the nature, types, procedures, and administration of these private alternative to security in Ibadan metropolis. It identifies renaissance of primary affiliation among diverse urban residents and the interplay of forces of exclusion and inclusion among residents of gates neighbourhoods in Ibadan metropolis. It also evaluates the spatial pattern, trends and dynamics of gating and the general concern for security in Ibadan metropolis.

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Infrastructure Development and Urban Facilities in Lagos, 1861-2000

by Ayodeji Olukoju, 2003

First words

Ayodeji Olukoju is Professor and Head, Department of History, University of Lagos. A First Class Honours graduate of the University of Nigeria. Nsukka. and holder of the M.A. and Ph.D. Degrees in History of the University of Ibadan. He has authored and co-edited several books and monographs, including Maritime Trade, Port Development and Administration (Tokyo, 1996), Nigeria Peoples and Cultures (Ibadan 1997) and Positive Leadership in Colonial and Post-Colonial Africa (Ikorodu, Nigeria, 2002). Professor Olukoju has contributed well over 50 essays as chapters in books and articles in leading specialist and Africanist journals in the fields of maritime, transport, labour, urban, economic and social history. He is also a member of the editorial board of African Economic History (Madison), Afrika Zamani: Journal of the Association of African Historians (Dakar) and Journal of Cultural Studies (Ago-Iwoye), and is the co-editor of Lagos Historical Review.

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Youth, Street Culture and Urban Violence in Africa:Proceedings of the International Symposium held in Abidjan, 5-7 May, 1997

Georges Hérault and Pius Adesanmi

First lines (French version)

Etant donné l’urbanisation extrêmement rapide du continent au cours du dernier quart de ce siècle et sachant qu’une majorité de la population citadine est constituée de jeunes – à titre d’exemple, 54,8 % de la population de Dakar a moins de 20 ans – s’attacher aux problèmes de la jeunesse urbaine revient à s’intéresser à un large pan de la population. La simple fréquentation de n’importe quelle grande ville livre par ailleurs à l’observation la suroccupation de la rue en tant qu’espace public : à sa fonction de lieu de passage et d’interaction sociale fortuite s’est ajoutée celle de lieu d’activité socio-économique quasiment permanente. La rue est devenue marché : transactions, démarchage, colportage y fleurissent, mais aussi prostitution, drogue, agressions, vols et crimes de toute sorte. La rue est devenue un exutoire, une alternative qui fascine, la rue est devenue le bouillon d’une culture nouvelle qui, selon les lieux, coexiste avec ou supplante carrément les espac...

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Nigeria during the Abacha Years (1993-1998): The Domestic and International Politics of Democratization

by Kunle Amuwo, Daniel C. Bach and Yann Lebeau (dir.), 2001

The autocratic regime of Sani Abacha (1993-1998) stands out as a watershed in the history of independent Nigeria. Nigeria’s darkest years since the civil war resulted from his unrestrained personal rule; very close to the features associated with warlordism. Nepotism, corruption, violation of human rights, procrastination over the implementation of a democratic transition, and the exploitation of ethnic, cultural or religious identities, also resulted in the accumulation of harshly repressed frustrations. In this book, some distinguished scholars, journalists and civil society activists examine this process of democratic recession, and its institutional, sociological, federal and international ramifications. Most of the contributions were originally presented at a seminar organized by the Centre d’Etude d’Afrique Noire (CEAN) in Bordeaux.

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The Architecture of Fear: Urban Design and Construction Response to Urban Violence in Lagos, Nigeria

by Tunde Agbola, 1997

First lines

About a decade ago, on November 4, 1985, the Times International of London reported that crime was prevalent in Nigeria. Lives were no longer safe... he nation was being crippled by an insecurity problem posed by criminals. Prominent Nigerians, whose interests eut across all walks of life, had their lives terminated through gruesome murders. Announcements concerning stolen vehicles were a daily feature on the news. Now, more than ten years later, the situation has become more frightening. Not only is the incidence of violence becoming more frequent, the nature of the crimes, especially armed robbery and murder, have become more heinous. There is daily news of bolder and more sophisticated crimes. Lives and property no longer seem safe anywhere in the country. Both the rich and the poor suffer the same fate, and the whole society appears helpless in the face of urban violence. Everybody seems to live one day at a time in fear of tomorrow. Increasing societal sophistication and modern...

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University of Ibadan
Ibadan, Oyo State
+234 (0)8.147.616.463